Anesthesia does pose some risk, however the risk for a healthy pet is minimal and surgical procedures are reserved for conditions carrying risks greater than the risk of anesthesia. At Lakehills Animal Health, we do a thorough physical exam and do complete pre-anesthesia blood work to assess the pet's health status. For geriatric or ill pets, additional blood tests, electrocardiograms, or x-rays may be needed as well. If a problem is revealed, we contact the owner and discuss how to address the problem before proceeding. During anesthesia one staff member is dedicating to monitoring the pet's heart rate, respiration rate, end tidal CO2, ECG, blood oxygen, blood pressure, pulse quality, capillary refill time and temperature. In addition, each pet is kept on IV fluids to maintain blood pressure and good metabolic function. This way, if any one monitored parameter goes outside of normal range immediate action can be taken.